Plant A Native Garden To Attract Hummingbirds in Oregon
Spring is just around the corner, and I have started to hear birds chirping in the mornings. Nothing is more exciting than the return of spring in a yard or garden, and some of us anxiously await the return of certain birds to the area. Many bird watchers are mesmerized by hummingbirds, and if you’ve spotted any about 3.9-4.3 inches tall with a bronze-green back, a pale grey chest and belly, and green flanks, it might have been an Anna’s Hummingbird. The Anna’s Hummingbird is a year round resident west of the cascades, so it is possible to have a year round supply of nectar for these little birds in any Portland yard or garden. There are a few native plants that will help attract not only the Anna’s Hummingbird, but also the adored Rufous Hummingbird which loves to show up just when the weather is warm enough. The adult male Rufous Hummingbird has a white breast, reddish brown face, upper parts, flanks and tail and an iridescent orange-red throat patch. Some males have some green on back and/or crown. The female has green upper parts with some white, some iridescent orange feathers in the center of the throat, and a dark tail with white tips and reddish brown base. The Rufous Hummingbird is tiny; weighing around 2–5 g (0.071–0.18 oz), and measuring 7–9 cm (2.8–3.5 in) long with wing spans of 11 cm (4.3 in). Whether you want host a home for either the Anna’s Hummingbird or the Rufous Hummingbird, All Oregon Landscaping has some native plant suggestions to ensure your garden is a prime destination for these lovely birds.
Native Plants To Attract Hummingbirds in Portland
Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquafolium)
Oregon Grape will attract hummingbirds if you’ve got any in bloom for the late winter. Oregon Grape can bloom as early as January, but often begins in February.
This is probably the first true hummingbird magnet to come into bloom. Ribes Sanguineum is bright whitish pink to deep rose with clusters of flowers.
Western Bleeding Heart (Dicentra formosa)
With bright green, fern-like foliage and pink heart-shaped flowers atop 1-2’ stalks, this is a sure way to attract hummingbirds to a shade garden. Most effective in the spring, this plant will go dormant in the summer months.
Columbines (specifically Aquilegia formosa)
This is a great choice for attracting humminbirds as a plant that tolerates sun to partial shade. Considered a self seeding perennial you can count on it blooming every year in your garden. The bright orange and yellow coloring of this particular flower make it stunning addition to any yard. It is a hummingbird favorite and is sure to draw them all throughout the spring and into summer.
Honeysuckle (specifically Lonicera ciliosa)
The Honeysuckle’s tubular flowers make them an ideal choice for hummingbirds, and this one even more so with it’s narrow flowers which are too small for bumblebees and weed out the competition. With bright yellow to orange flowers, this plant prefers open shade to only partial sun.
Other Natives To Attract Hummingbirds in the Pacific Northwest
Fireweed (Epilobium angustifolium)
Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja ssp.)
Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)
Monkeyflower (Mimulus ssp)
Spirea (Spiraea ssp.)
Checkermallow (Sidalcea ssp.)
Penstemon (around fifty native varieties)
All Oregon Landscaping Brings Portland Gardens To Life
With all of these choices for native plants, it can be difficult finding a winning combination that works in your Portland yard. All Oregon Landscaping has experts to help you plan your yard and garden from start to finish whether you are looking to attract hummingbirds or create an outdoor kitchen complete with every amenity. All Oregon Landscaping specializes in pergolas and trellises, water features, custom concrete, outdoor lighting, intimate spaces, and more. Call us today to discuss how to transform your yard into the place you or the hummingbirds want to be all year round.
Photo 1 By Paddyspig (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Photo 2 by Tersk, Lauren (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Photo 3 by Walter Siegmund (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC-BY-2.5 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons
Photo 4 by Walter Siegmund (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC-BY-2.5 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons